Traumatic brain damage occurs when brain function is impaired by external mechanical action. Traumatic brain damage usually occurs as a result of a severe impact or shock to the head or body. Penetration into the skull of an object, such as a bullet or a fragment of the skull, can also cause a traumatic brain lesion. A mild traumatic brain lesion may cause temporary dysfunction in the brain cells. A more severe traumatic brain injury may result in hematoma, ruptured tissue, bleeding, and other physical brain damage leading to remote complications and even death.
Traumatic brain damage has a variety of physical and psychological consequences. Some signs and symptoms may occur immediately after the injury, while others develop in a few days or even weeks.
- Mild traumatic brain lesion
Signs and symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury: Loss of consciousness for a few seconds or minutes;
Unconscious, but semi-conscious, confused or disoriented; Memory impairment or concentration problems; Headache; Dizziness or loss of balance; Nausea or vomiting.
Sensory disturbances such as blurred vision, tinnitus or bad taste in the mouth; Hypersensitivity to light or sound; Mood swings or frequent swings; Suppression or anxiety; Tiredness or drowsiness; Sleep disturbances; Longer than normal sleep.
- Moderate or severe traumatic brain lesion
Moderate or severe traumatic brain injury may be accompanied by any signs and symptoms of mild trauma, and the following symptoms that occur between a few hours and a few days after the head injury: Loss of consciousness for a few minutes or hours; Deep Consciousness;
Excitement, belligerence, and other unusual behavior; Sloppy speech; inability to wake up from sleep;
Weakness and numbness in fingers and toes; Loss of coordination;
Persistent or increasing headache; Multiple attacks of vomiting or nausea; convulsions or seizures;
Expansion of one or both pupils; Transparent liquid discharge from nose or ears.
Symptoms in children
Infants and young children with brain injury do not have enough speech resources to report headaches, sensory disturbances, confusion and other similar symptoms. A child with a traumatic brain injury may have the following: Changed feeding behavior; persistent crying and inability to calm down; Unusual or heightened irritability; Change in ability to concentrate; Change in sleep habits; Sad or depressed mood; Loss of interest in favorite toys or activities.
The conditions under which it is necessary to see a doctor.
If you or your child has been hit in the head or on the body, after which you have symptoms that bother you or changes in behavior, you should always consult a doctor. If there are any signs or symptoms of a traumatic brain injury after receiving a blow to the head or other traumatic head injury shortly beforehand, you should seek medical attention immediately.
The terms “mild degree”, “moderate degree” and “severe degree” are used to describe the effect of trauma on brain function. A mild injury to the brain is still a serious injury that requires immediate care and an accurate diagnosis.